Billionaire investor Warren Buffett, 81, announced today that he has been diagnosed with stage 1 prostate cancer, but reassured his friends and family that he feels great and it's not life threatening.
Buffet told the Wall Street Journal in a statement:
"I have been diagnosed with stage 1 prostate Cancer but I feel great as if I were in my normal excellent health. My energy level is 100 percent. My doctors and I have decided on a two-month treatment of daily radiation to begin in mid-July. No Incidence of Cancer Elsewhere in Body."Prostate cancer that has been diagnosed as Stage 1 means it is small in size and has not yet spread to the lymph nodes.
Causes of prostate Cancer in males
The specific cause of prostate cancer in men is unknown. The average age at diagnosis is 70 . But males of any age (usually over 50) are diagnosed with prostate cancer. . Risk factors include too much red meat, high fat diet and not enough fish and vegetables, alcohol, hereditary (a brother or father who was previously diagnosed), medications (steroid injections), and infections caused by STDs or a retrovirus can all increase the risk of prostate cancer.
Cancer begins when normal prostate cells transforms into cancer cells which rapidly multiply in the prostate. Eventually, the multiplying cancer cells enlarge the prostate gland and it begins to push against other organs, causing pain.
Signs (what you see) and Symptoms (what you feel):
Early prostate cancer usually has no signs or symptoms. Symptoms usually occur when the prostate has enlarged to the point that it invades other organs nearby. You might also experience difficulty obtaining an erection and difficulty ejaculating. If the tumor spreads to the bones or lymph glands, there will be pronounced pain at the sites where the cancer has spread.
Other signs and symptoms include:
If you experience any of these signs and symptoms, consult your physician or health care professional. If you do not have a doctor, go to the emergency room.
Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer in males
A positive diagnosis is confirmed by performing a biopsy of the tumor.
Once the prostate has enlarged, it can be detected easily by a doctor or healthcare professional during a digital rectal examination. During the exam, the doctor will wash his hands and put on gloves. The doctor will insert a lubricated and gloved finger into your rectum and feel the inside.
If the doctor feels a tumor inside your rectum, or an uneven area, he will order tests such as a biopsy of the prostate tumor, and/ or urine tests and blood tests to look for the presence of antigens or proteins which indicates cancer. Your doctor might also order a CT Scan, Ultrasound or a MRI to visualize the tumor.
Treatment includes surgery to remove part or all of the prostate, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or hormones. Depending on your age and the size of the tumor, the doctor might elect not to do anything except monitor your blood work to make sure the tumor does not spread.